THE HISTORY

Grancia was the name used to identify the large fortified farms
equipped with big granaries, cellars and olive groves that the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala
of Siena built along the Via Francigena or nearby

 

 

 

Grancia was the name used to identify the large fortified farms equipped with big granaries, cellars and olive groves that the Hospital of Santa Maria della Scala of Siena built along the Via Francigena or nearby for the purpose of storing, preserving and defending the products from the vast possessed territories in the Val d’Orcia and the Val dell’Arbia and in the crete (territories) of Siena and in the Maremma.

The oldest and most important nuclei of these Grance (Cuna, Serre di Rapolano, Montisi, San Quirico and Spedaletto) were formed at the end of the 1200s and the early 1300s, often through the renovation and expansion of much older buildings and fortresses, as also presumably happened in La Grancia di Montisi.

Therefore, apart from some pre-existing buildings whose origins we do not know, the fortified structure of this Grancia was essentially the work of the Hospital and was formed after 1295, the year in which the Lord of Montisi Simone Cacciaconti willed all his possessions in the town to the Hospital.

Grand Duke Pietro Leopoldo of Tuscany, a great and enlightened reformer who ruled the Grand Duchy for twenty-five years (1765-1790), played an important role in La Grancia di Montisi’s history.

In 1775 Pietro Leopoldo ordered the privatization of all the Hospital’s assets. Iacopo Iannucci Benincasa was the leader of La Grancia and in 1778, by virtue of his privileged right over Montisi’s assets, he bought the whole building together with all the farms. In this way La Grancia became the property of the family that still owns it today.

The Grand Duke established a good relationship of respect and friendship with Iacopo and his son Tommaso and, according to what has been handed down over the years, he was often a guest in La Grancia di Montisi where there is interesting proof to his stays.

During the last world war, in June 1944, the base of La Grancia’s beautiful tower was mined and entirely destroyed.

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